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1735: Sir Robert Walpole became the first Prime Minister to move into 10 Downing Street.
1780: Capt William Lynch’s name was immortalised when he issued a proclamation in Virginia, saying that if citizens believed the official course of justice was not strong enough, they should take the law into their own hands. While horse-whipping was the general punishment, hanging did take place – hence the word “lynching”.
1827: Joseph Smith, son of an impoverished New England farmer, announced he had received golden plates from an angel. From this he translated the Book of Mormon which led to the founding of the Mormons.
1880: Dame Christabel Pankhurst, suffragette daughter of Emmeline, was born in Manchester.
1955: The start of commercial television in Britain, the first advert transmitted was for Gibbs SR toothpaste.
1972: Idi Amin gave Uganda’s 8,000 Asians 48 hours to leave the country.
1980: Workers in Poland formed a new independent labour union, Solidarity.
1980: Long-standing border disputes and political turmoil in Iran prompt Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to launch an invasion of Iran’s oil-producing province of Khuzestan, beginning the Iran/Iraq war.
1989: An IRA bomb killed 10 and injured more than 30 at the Royal Marines School of Music in Deal, Kent.
1990: Anthropologist Sir Arthur Keith of the Natural History Museum solved the Piltdown Man hoax.
1991: Bryan Adams made pop history when his record Everything I Do, I Do For You, stayed at number one for a 12th week out of a total 16.
BIRTHDAYS: Fay Weldon, novelist, 88; David Coverdale, rock singer, (Whitesnake) 68; Nick Cave, singer, 62; Joan Jett, rock musician, 61; Scott Baio, actor, 59; Emmanuel Petit, former footballer, 49; Chesney Hawkes, actor/singer, 48; Harry Kewell, former footballer, 41; Billie Piper, actress, 37.